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3rd International Conference on Metabolic Syndrome, will be organized around the theme “Recent technologies and approaches to overcome Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders”
Metabolic Syndrome 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Metabolic Syndrome 2018
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Metabolic syndrome is a medical disorder that may lead to cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is a Group of conditions increased blood pressure, a high blood sugar level, excess body fat around the waist and abnormal cholesterol levels that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Genetic factors influence each individual component of the syndrome, and the syndrome itself. A family history that includes type 2 diabetes, hypertension and early heart disease greatly increases the chance that an individual will develop the metabolic syndrome. Most of the disorders associated with metabolic syndrome have no symptoms, although a large waist circumference is a visible sign. If your blood sugar is very high, you might experience signs and symptoms of diabetes including increased thirst and urination, fatigue, and blurred vision.
- Track 1-1Pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome
- Track 1-2Signs and symptoms
- Track 1-3Causes of metabolic syndrome
- Track 1-4Risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome
- Track 1-5Diagnosis, treatments and medications
Cardiovascular disease refers to more than one disease of the circulatory system including the heart and blood vessels, whether the blood vessels are affecting the lungs, the brain, kidneys or other parts of the body. Coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease involve atherosclerosis. This may be caused by high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol consumption, among others. High blood pressure results in 13% of CVD deaths, while tobacco results in 9%, diabetes 6%, lack of exercise 6% and obesity 5%. The effect of the use of aspirin in people who are otherwise healthy is of unclear benefit. The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends against its use for prevention in women less than 55 and men less than 45 years old; however, in those who are older, it is recommended in some individuals. Treatment of those who have CVD improves outcomes. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally. Coronary artery disease and stroke account for 80% of CVD deaths in males and 75% of CVD deaths in females. Most cardiovascular disease affects older adults. In the United States, 11% of people between 20 and 40 have CVD, while 37% between 40 and 60, 71% of people between 60 and 80, and 85% of people over 80 have CVD.
- Track 2-1Heart failure
- Track 2-2Ischemic ,Rheumatic and Congenital heart disease
- Track 2-3Peripheral and Cerebro vascular disease (Stroke)
- Track 2-4Myocarditis and Endocarditis
- Track 2-5Venous Thrombosis
Endocrine glands are a group of glands in the body which secrete hormones. The endocrine system influences how your heart beats, how your bones and tissues grow, even your ability to make a baby. It plays a vital role in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders. Endocrine disorders are typically grouped into two categories:
- Track 3-1 Cushing’s syndrome
- Track 3-2Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Track 3-3Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
- Track 3-4Growth hormone deficiency and growth disorders
- Track 3-5Follicular and Medullary thyroid cancer
A metabolic disorder occurs when abnormal chemical reactions in the human body disrupt metabolism. When this happens, the patient may have too much of some substances, or too little of others, which are needed to stay healthy. Metabolic disorders or inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) result from a block (partial or complete) to an essential pathway in the body's metabolism. Childhood obesity has contributed to an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome among children. Disorders in metabolism can be inherited, in which case they are also known as inborn errors of metabolism. Inherited metabolic disorders may affect about 1 in 1,000 to 2,500 new born. In most inherited metabolic disorders, a single enzyme is either not produced by the body at all or is produced in a form that doesn't work. The missing enzyme is like an absentee worker on the assembly line. Depending on that enzyme's job, its absence means toxic chemicals may build up, or an essential product may not be produced.
- Track 4-1Hurler syndrome
- Track 4-2Gaucher disease
- Track 4-3Galactosemia
- Track 4-4Tay-Sachs disease
- Track 4-5Adrenoleukodystrophy
- Track 4-6Maple syrup urine disease
- Track 4-7Cardiomyopathy
Type 2 diabetes is a long haul metabolic turmoil that is portrayed by high glucose, insulin resistance, and relative absence of insulin. Basic side effects incorporate expanded thirst, incessant pee, and unexplained weight reduction. Indications may likewise incorporate expanded craving, feeling tired, and bruises that don't recuperate. Regularly indications go ahead gradually. Long haul complexities from high glucose incorporate coronary illness, strokes, diabetic retinopathy which can bring about visual impairment, kidney disappointment, and poor blood stream in the appendages which may prompt removals. The sudden onset of hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state may happen; in any case, diabetic ketoacidosis is unprecedented. Type 2 diabetes is mostly preventable by staying a typical weight, practising consistently, and eating legitimately. Treatment includes activity and dietary changes. In the event that glucose levels are not sufficiently brought down, the medicine metformin is regularly suggested. Numerous individuals may in the end likewise require insulin infusions. In that on insulin, routinely check glucose levels is exhorted, in any case, this may not be required in those taking pills. Bariatric surgery frequently enhances diabetes in the individuals who are stout.
Diabetes is one of the most challenging health problems in the 21st century and one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally. It is the 4th or 5th leading cause of death in most high-income countries, with ~366 million diabetics in 2011 and an estimated 552 million in 2030. On the other hand, obesity has also become a world-wide epidemic. Obesity is a risk factor for the development of insulin resistance, with pancreatic beta cells compensating for insulin resistance by augmenting insulin secretion. The failure of beta-cells is believed to cause pre-diabetes, a condition that can lead to diabetes". Approximately 85% of people with diabetes are type 2, and of these, 90% are obese or overweight. Diabetes & obesity are major contributors to various other chronic diseases such as coronary artery diseases, myocardial infarction, hypertension, dyslipidemia and a number of other complicated disorders mounting evidence shows that a Mediterranean style-diet may be useful in preventing and treating chronic diseases related to mild chronic inflammation such as visceral (abdominal) obesity, metabolic syndrome, and Type 2 diabetes.
- Track 6-1Endocrinology: Disorder and Treatment
- Track 6-2Dietary and Lifestyle changes
- Track 6-3Weight loss Medications
- Track 6-4Diabetes and Its Complications
- Track 6-5Case study and reports
- Track 6-6Metaflammation
Oxidative stress results due to disturbed equilibrium between pro-oxidants and antioxidants and plays a role in pathophysiology of Diabetes and Cardiovascular diseases. Obesity and its comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, are associated with a state of chronic low-grade inflammation that can be detected both systemically and within specific tissues. Areas of active investigation focus on the molecular bases of metabolic inflammation and potential pathogenic roles in insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. An increased accumulation of macrophages occurring in obese adipose tissue has emerged as a key process in metabolic inflammation. Apparently, metabolic overload evokes stress reactions, such as oxidative, inflammatory, organelle and cell hypertrophy, generating vicious cycles. Adipocyte hypertrophy, through physical reasons, facilitates cell rupture, what will evoke an inflammatory reaction.
- Track 7-1Lysosomal physiological response
- Track 7-2Apoptosis and Phagocytosis
- Track 7-3Positive energetic balance
- Track 7-4Hypertrophic growth of adipocytes
- Track 7-5Macrovascular complications
Nutrition & Metabolism focuses on the integration of nutrition, exercise physiology, clinical investigations, and molecular and cellular biochemistry of metabolism. The areas of interest of Nutrition & Metabolism encompass studies in obesity, diabetes, lipidemias, metabolic syndrome and exercise physiology that have an underlying basis in metabolism. Metabolic effects of dietary protein are complex. In persons with type 2 diabetes, protein ingestion results in little or no increase in plasma glucose concentrations but a stimulation of insulin and glucagon secretion. The nutritional requirements of a neonate are significantly greater than those of an adult because not only are there requirements for substrate intake to fulfil basic metabolic needs, but there are metabolic needs to maintain rapid and continued growth and development.
- Track 8-1Metabolic response and nutritional support in traumatic brain injury
- Track 8-2Nutrition and Metabolic response in Health and Disease
- Track 8-3Metabolic response to hypoxia
- Track 8-4Response to ingested glycine
- Track 8-5Metabolic Response Modifers
- Track 8-6Response to Acute Spinal-Cord Injury
- Track 8-7Nutritional and Metabolic Stress
A combination of conditions that together increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes, metabolic syndrome is the precursor to complications that may be lifelong, chronic, or even lead to death. To promote holistic care and improve patient outcomes, all nurses need to know about metabolic syndrome. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), about 35% of U.S. adults have metabolic syndrome. Many experts believe the root cause is obesity. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey estimates about two-thirds of American adults and 15% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. These statistics are significant because Americans are developing diabetes and CVD at much younger ages than ever, due to overweight or obesity. Metabolic syndrome doubles the risk of CVD and quintuples the diabetes risk. Risk is especially high in men older than age 45 and women older than age 55.
The best way to manage your stress is to learn healthy coping strategies. You can start practicing these tips right away. Try one or two until you find a few that work for you. Practice these techniques until they become habits you turn to when you feel stress. You can also use this coping strategies form to see how you respond to stress. Stress-relief techniques focus on relaxing your mind and your body.
Ways to relax your mind
- Let your feelings out
- Do something you enjoy
- Focus on the present
Muscle cells need a lot of energy, which means they burn a lot of calories. In fact, they burn more calories than fat cells, even when you're not exercising. So the time you spend working out reaps benefits long after you stop sweating. Exercise becomes even more important as you get older. You naturally lose muscle mass with age, which slows down your metabolism. Working out can stop that slide.
The things that make you more likely to develop metabolic syndrome include Insulin resistance. A hormone disorder such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a condition in which the female body produces too much of certain hormones, is associated with metabolic syndrome. In the metabolic syndrome (MS), a condition that associates three or more pathologies such as hypertension, central obesity, type II diabetes, insulin resistance and dyslipidemias, the kidneys are severely affected. The pathological alterations in the kidneys, associated with Metabolic Syndrome, may be modified by sex hormone levels.
Healthy eating is one of the best things you can do to prevent and control health problems such as heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and some types of cancer. Weight management is a long-term approach to a healthy lifestyle. It includes a balance of healthy eating and physical exercise to equate energy expenditure and energy intake. Developing healthy eating habits while using tips that will keep us fuller longer can be useful tools in weight management. Knowing what your body needs is important to weight management and can control overconsumption and under consumption of food. Weight management does not include fad diets that promote quick, temporary weight loss. It focuses on the long-term results that are achieved through slow weight loss, followed by retention of an ideal body weight for age, sex and height.
Metabolic disorders are inherited genetic defects that interfere with the body’s metabolism, or the process by which the body gets energy from food. Symptoms vary from syndrome to syndrome, but often include developmental delays, vision and hearing problems, loss of intellectual function, muscle weakness, seizures, abnormal movements, stunted growth, pain and shortened life span. A successful bone marrow or stem cell transplant may help slow or halt the progression of certain syndromes, but early diagnosis is critical to prevent irreversible disease progression.
Energy metabolism is the process of generating energy (ATP) from nutrients. Metabolism comprises a series of interconnected pathways that can function in the presence or absence of oxygen. Aerobic metabolism converts one glucose molecule into 30-32 ATP molecules. The syndrome is thought to be caused by an underlying disorder of energy utilization and storage.